介词+关系代词引导的定语从句小结精析概要

2022-11-20 15:51:01

介词+关系代词引导的定语从句小结精析概要
   介词+关系代词引导的定语从句是一种非常常见但也比较复杂的定语从句结构。
 1. 介词+关系代词中介词的位置
  关系代词whom, which在从句中作介词宾语时,可以跟介词一起放在从句与主句之间(that, who不可以),也可以把介词放在从句中有关动词的后面,使关系代词紧跟它所修饰的先行词。
  He is a man of rich experience, from whom much can be learned.  
       = He is a man of rich experience, whom much can be learned from.
   他是个经验丰富的人,从他那儿可以学到很多。
  The school in which he once worked is a key school.  
       =The school (which that) he once worked in is a key school.
   他曾经工作过的学校是一所重点学校。
  The manager in whose company I work pays much attention to improving our working conditions.
       =The manager whose company I'm working in pays much attention to improving our working conditions.
  我就职的那家公司经理十分注意改善我们的工作条件。
新概念课文
新概念英语第一册教材
新概念三

在复合句中充当定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句的作用相当于形容词,用来修饰主句中的某一名词或代词或整个主句,所以,也称作形容词性从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。在先行词和定语从句之间起连接作用的词叫关系词。关系词有关系代词和关系副词两种。
提示: 关系词在定语从句中有三大作用
1. 连接作用——连接先行词和定语从句。
  I gave her all the money that I had.  我把我所有的钱都给了她。(that 连接先特词 money和定语从句I had)
  2. 替代作用——在定语从句中替代从句所修饰的先行词。
  The man who lives nest door is a famous teacher.   住在隔壁的那个人是个名师。(who 替代the man)
  3. 成分作用——在定语从句中作主语、宾语、定语或状语。
  I like pictures which are painted in the traditional Chinese style.     我喜欢传统的中国画。(which在定语从句中作主语)

平行并列结构
【定义】并行并列结构是指由并列词将两个或两个以上含义相似、结构相同的并列项连接起来构成的结构。
【标记方法】给平行并列结构做标记的要求是:给并列词加方框,给并列项加下划线。
【常见并列关系】
英语中可以并列的成分有很多,读句子时要注意识别到底是谁跟谁并列。
① __________并列:I like the box placed on the desk and the flowers in your hand.
② __________并列:Mr. Smith is a kind, patient and knowledgeable English teacher.
③ __________并列:You are supposed to answer the following questions quickly and accurately. 
④ __________并列:With the Internet, people can not only play computer games but also do online shopping.
⑤ __________并列:And that government of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth. 
⑥ __________并列: I’ve finished reading the book (which is written by Mo Yan) and (which you lent me last month).
⑦ __________并列:Singing and laughing, we headed to the park.
⑧ __________并列:The children can go with us or they can stay at home.

【即学即练】
Trust yourself, write down your goals for the day, however small they are and you’ll be a step closer to achieving them.
句子结构:__________________________________________________________________________________
基本句型:__________________________________________________________________________________
句子翻译:__________________________________________________________________________________

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